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Women challenge segregation of Hebron street in direct action

Palestinian, Israeli and international women activists dressed in traditional Palestinian garb attempted to walk down Shuhada street, Hebron’s main commercial thoroughfare. After only a few minutes, they were stopped by soldiers, and seven people were arrested in total.

By Noa Shaindlinger

A group of Israeli and international female activists joined Palestinian women on Wednesday in a direct action in Hebron to protest the ongoing ban on Palestinian freedom of movement on Shuhada street. The street, which was once the lively commercial centre of Hebron, was closed off to Palestinian vehicular traffic after the 1994 massacre of 29 Muslims in the Ibrahimi Mosque by Baruch Goldstein. Since 2001, Palestinian pedestrians were barred from the street, turning it into a Jewish-only zone.

We arrived to Hebron just before 2pm, to be led to a previously undisclosed location, which would be our gathering point. We ended up at an apartment facing Shuhada Street, whose residents are forced to use a side entrance from an alley off the old city’s market.

Already waiting there was another (female) coordinator, who laid out the plan for us: we were to dress up in traditional Palestinian women’s garb and walk out to Shuhada street through the (forbidden) front door. While she was drawing an impromptu map of the area for us, figuring out the best escape routes from potential violence from either the settlers or the soldiers. A few of us exchanged meaningful glances. We understood the danger lurking for us outside. We were aware we could get arrested or even injured.

Annual “Open Shuhada Street” demonstrations have been met with excessive violence by the Israeli military, as I witnessed myself this past February. In light of recent successful women-only actions in Nabi Saleh and the growing visibility of women in protests throughout the West Bank, local activists decided to test the ground and see how the army reacts to an all female-direct action. Since any action in Shuhada street necessarily involves the risk of brutal arrests, which are much more complicated for Palestinians, they decided to invite Israeli and international solidarity activists for this symbolic – but important – act.

Our attempt was to walk to Beit Hadassah and back, and try and walk “slowly, like Palestinian women walk.” We dressed up in the familiar embroidered black garb identified as traditionally Palestinian, and our gracious host helped us don the hijabs – which for most of us were kuffiyehs, not a traditional female headdress by any account. We were instructed to exit quickly through the front door into the street and stick together.

The first thing I saw when I stepped outside was a white civilian jeep stopping right in front of us, nearly running us over and trying to block our way. A stocky man stepped out angrily. The man was a settler, and he immediately alerted his friends, a few of them approaching us quickly, trying to block our path as we proceeded along the street. The soldiers, fully armed, were quick to follow.  A scuffle erupted as we were slowly making our way up the street towards our destination. For a while, the soldiers were forcibly attempting to block us, then they changed tactics, moved behind and among us, and brutally pushed us towards the nearest checkpoint.

Later on, as some of us mused that they were probably confused by our actions. We were women, unarmed, Israeli and international citizens, which made our presence there perfectly legal. Their confusion becomes even more obvious when one considers they were pushing us towards the Palestinian-controlled area, which is legally forbidden for Israeli citizens.

The settlers, on their part, screamed at us, provoking us into verbal confrontations (“Have you no heart? Hebron is for all the Jews, you as well!”) and cursing us (“Traitors. You are worse than those Arabs”). The soldiers pushed us hard using their guns, knocking a few of the activists to the ground. When male ISM activists came to our aid, they were violently arrested.

Then they pushed a few of the women to the ground and started hitting them. One sat on top of a skinny girl, another one was choked by a soldier, crying in pain. Her glasses were smashed by one of the soldiers as she lay on the asphalt. I was still nursing a leg injury, which severely limits my movements. Nonetheless, the soldiers kept shoving me hard, even after I told them I am injured and cannot walk any faster.

Then, at some point, the soldiers apparently decided to make arrests, probably to scare us all so we hurry up towards the checkpoint. They arbitrarily arrested three more of the female activists, two Israelis and one journalist, six altogether. Finally, they forced us all to go through the checkpoint to the Palestinian-controlled part of the city.

We then went to a local woman’s house and the soldiers entered just as several of us were changing back into our street clothes and demanded to speak with the “owner of the house.” When someone pointed them to the elderly woman, they ignored her and instead asked for “the man who owns this place.” “There isn’t one,” they were told, “it’s just her and her daughter.” Then the soldiers split up: some remained with us and even tried to climb up to the roof, others kicked doors of other apartments, making an unbelievable racket.

We all snapped pictures of them, which did not exactly please them. The soldiers demanded we don’t photograph them. We continued anyway. Then they separated us from the group of photographers that accompanied us throughout the day, forced them out to the street and attempted to lock us in. Our host courageously confronted them the whole time, berating them for their rude behavior and for the intrusion.  They finally let us go, but shortly after returned to the area in search of someone. We later learned they were looking for the son of our host, and once they found him, he was arrested and taken away.

Since we parked the car near the Tomb of the Patriarchs, we had no choice but to exit the though the checkpoint. The soldiers were baffled; we were both Israelis, yet we just emerged from an area legally forbidden to us. They made us wait around while they checked our IDs. As we were walking away, I heard one of them telling the other: “No use talking to them. They are leftists. They hate you.” The day ended with us waiting long hours outside the gates of the Kiryat Arba police station waiting to hear from (and hopefully pick up) our incarcerated friends. By 11pm, two activists – one Israeli, one international – along with one journalist – were released, but the rest were to spend the night in jail and get a court hearing the next morning in Jerusalem. The Palestinian man who was arrested remained in custody until 4 am and then released as well.

Some of us had expressed doubts about this action. A few said that the dress-up part reminded them of oriental lore; others were critical about the prominent role of men in organizing and “defending” us. But after we exited the checkpoint, spirits were up. The general sense was that this action was successful – we did, after all, achieve our goal of walking up Shuhada street to the checkpoint, as planned, embarrassing the soldiers and the settlers while we were at it. As one Israeli activist from Jerusalem explained to me: the idea to dress up originated from Palestinians as a strategy, and therefore she no longer construes it as “orientalist” or problematic in any way. She thought the action was successful, but qualified it can only be claimed as a success if news of it is widely disseminated to affect people’s realization of the absurdity of the situation here.

While the Israeli activists were more familiar with the hardships of Palestinians in Hebron and have visited the city before (whether in tours organized by “Breaking the Silence” or for protests), I was curious to hear the perspective of the internationals that participated in the action. One young woman from Washington state who has been volunteering in Bethlehem explained to me that her passion for the Palestinian cause and the uniqueness of the action brought her to Hebron today, and that she is particularly inspired by the role Palestinian women have taken on in protests. The action, which to her as well was a success, was both peaceful and pointed, a powerful show of solidarity with the plight of Hebronites.

Noa Shaindlinger is a PhD student at the University of Toronto, a human rights activist and citizen journalist. 

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    1. Rehmat

      Women need to hold such demonstration righ here in New York, where Jewish women are neither allowed to drive or walk on the same side of the street as men – right in New Square, an Orthodox Jewish enclave north of Time Square.

      The New Square Jewish community (7000 members) is strictly controlled by Grand Rabbi David Twersky 70. He inherited the ‘Twersky dynasty’ from his father Yaakov Yosef Twersky, who built this mini Jewish state in 1954 for his fellow ‘Holocaust survivors’ who refused to make Aliya to Zionist Israel.


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    2. Thank you, brave activists.

      You are doing what many of us salute you for.


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    3. sh

      Brilliant idea to do the simple something most people the world over think nothing of.
      In Hebron, as the videos testify, it pops eyes, drops jaws, points guns, rains insults and gets you arrested. What is it? Walking out of your own front door.

      Reply to Comment
    4. Hanneke Veling

      As I have been in Hebron and know the terrible unjust situation I am really proud of all of you !
      Love , Hanneke
      The Hague , The Netherlands

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    5. Piotr Berman

      I think that the action was brilliant. Like any nation, Jews have the right to absurd behavior, but they do not have a right to commit absurd oppression.

      In the short term, nothing will help, and even the media success is hard to get. But it is like making a mosaic: many pebbles are needed. Will you make a more complete photo report of the action?

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    6. david friedlander, esq.

      How is “solidarity” being demonstrated when the women are wearing exclusively Arab garb in a city that has had a Jewish presence for hundreds of generations?

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    7. Palestinian

      @ David , hundreds of generations ? the hostile american settlers havent unpacked yet …!

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    8. “… she is particularly inspired by the role Palestinian women have taken on in protests.”
      Women are the wild card. They don’t fit the defitions of prior combat. And the policing side knows it.
      Congratulations for acting.

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    9. Piotr Berman

      Dear David,

      Arab garb was not used to exhibit solidarity but to exhibit the absurd and offensive nature of separation restrictions in Hebron. This story conveys a bit how crazy it is:

      http://www.thelocal.se/39142/20120216/ Swedish minister for education Jan Björklund, the leader of the Liberal Party (Folkpartiet) was attacked by a female Israeli settler, while visiting Hebron on the West Bank on Wednesday.

      A little background is that Bjoerklund is the most pro-Israeli minister in Swedish cabinet, and educational visit to Hebron is recommended by Israeli minister for education. Bjoerklund was not alone but in the company of his own security detail, representatives of Swedish non-profits and a Palestinian. After the scuffle, IDF ejected Bjoerklund from Hebron.

      Basically, there is a section of Hebron where the settlers practice totally absurd and offensive form of aggression and Israeli conscripts are indoctrinated into obeying the settlers. Israel will not change a thing there unless it will be clear that something is wrong there. Including total absurdity.

      You can see from the pictures that the young women made quite clear that they are not Palestinian — they used a different kind of headdress etc. — but that they support the right of their Palestinian sisters to be in the same spot. So one the first approximation, the “crime” of the activists was to LOOK similar to Arabs in a place where it is forbidden to BE an Arab. At that point absurd although somewhat logical rules of Hebron got totally scrambled, and Jews were forced from “only for Jews area” into “only for Arabs area.

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    10. Richard Witty


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    11. bettina

      my respect. – and yes, this is absolutely absurd. the point was very well taken, actually, to dress in palestinian dress (which so far is not a crime yet) and being arrested just for that! i wonder what the judge in jerusalem made of those arrests? and then the soldiers arresting the male of the house! (who probably was not at all connected). really a successful action, though i would have wished for less violence

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    12. Karen Myers

      I’m so sorry that my government supports a state that conducts such repressive and evil treatment of innocent people! Congratulations on a great idea and action, I just wish it got some press in the U.S.

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    13. sh

      “How is “solidarity” being demonstrated when the women are wearing exclusively Arab garb in a city that has had a Jewish presence for hundreds of generations?”
      Squire Friedlander, Jews in exclusively Jewish garb have, in their turn, walked through places that have had a Christian/Muslim/pagan – in short non-Jewish – presence for hundreds of generations. Have you ever thought that had more of that presence walked those streets in solidarity with Jews, many catastrophes could have been averted?
      “Will you make a more complete photo report of the action?”
      Piotr, I see that a video I saw elsewhere wasn’t posted here. I’m sure soon there’ll be others subtitled with English, but here’s one that settlers or their sympathizers swiftly posted on YouTube (hence its hysterical title). With Noa Shaindlinger’s interesting account as a guide, it’s easy to figure out:
      Thinking about it, imagine Palestinian women – who these days are forced to take circuitious routes that take some of them over the roofs to get in and out of their houses – leaving their houses by their front doors dressed in settler women’s headscarves and dresses over pants and repeating that walk down Shuhada Street. Might hafrada turn out to be a question of uniform like black tie or evening dress events? Experiment with clowns too perhaps. This could run and run before the Israeli government and its settler arm finally admit the intolerable to themselves: that hafrada is just a Hebrew word for Apartheid.

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    14. david friedlander, esq.

      Separation, hafrada, is not “per se” racist/unjust. People have what’s called “freedom of association” or “freedom” in general. For example, a yoga club is not de factor discriminatory against non-yoga participants. If Jews and Arabs want to live separately than that’s there prerogative. That doesn’t mean that they believe the other to be inferior or deserve oppression. There are perfectly rational reasons to believe that the Jewish and Arab lifestyles are inherently incompatible and should be given their own “spaces”. Maybe the Jew doesn’t want to hear the muezzin and the Arab doesn’t want to abstain from driving on yom kippur. I agree with you though that a Palestinian state should probably be established to implement that, though.

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    15. Piotr Berman

      Sh: “Experiment with clowns too, perhaps.”

      Dear Sh, good that you post under an assume name. A conspiracy to have clown parades in West Bank cities was thwarted, and foreign leftist clowns were barred entry to Israel. Bicyclist, cross-dressing girls, clowns — there seem to be no end of plagues (including Foot in Mouth disease in the Knesset).

      David Friedlander, Esq: indeed, Lithuanian Haredim are not very compatible from Mizrahi Haredim, but should troops chase away Mizrahi Haredim from a Lithuanian Haredi street? (I am of course simplifying, the bitter divisions between Haredim are not easy to characterize.) And what are the perfectly rational reasons to forbid Jews from driving on Yom Kippur?

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    16. Terri Knoll

      There are perfectly rational reasons to believe that the Jewish and Arab lifestyles are inherently incompatible and should be given their own “spaces”.

      Apartheid is apartheid no matter how you try to sugar coat it.

      I WILL be stopped.

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    17. Piotr Berman

      I wonder if we should spread the suggestion of David Friedlander, namely to use term hafrada rather then Apartheid. After all, in the case of South we used Segregation, as people of the South used, and in the case of South Africa, apartheid, a Dutch word that Afrikaners used. The discussion should not be if hafrada is similar to apartheid but if it is good or evil.

      It looks pretty well:

      In the name of the greatest people that have ever trod this earth, I draw the line in the dust and toss the gauntlet before the feet of tyranny . . . and I say . . . hafrada today . . . hafrada tomorrow . . . hafrada forever.

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    18. Modafy kal-kani

      We all as Muslims have failed to stop all this killing, and for the King of Saudi, shame on him for not speaking in what is happening , after all, he is the King of the holly place for all Muslims,

      And the Jewish government!!

      Reply to Comment