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Why won't Israel sign the Arms Trade Treaty?

Twenty years after its inception, the Arms Trade Treaty finally looks like it is going to be enshrined in international law. But despite supporting its passage, Israel refuses to sign it.

By Idan Itzhaky

A critical moment for human rights took place last week: the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) became a reality. This is a historical treaty, that like many other historical treaties, makes something that is patently obvious illegal by international law: the sale of weapons, which could be used to commit genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes and other serious violations of human rights. Thus, the treaty will serve to significantly limit these serious violations.

But what may seem so obvious is not so simple at all. The idea was floated around in the offices of Amnesty International in 1993 between the organization, legal experts from Cambridge and Nobel Peace Prize winners. Since then, many hours of work have been put into the idea.

The experts weren’t alone in the struggle. Millions of activists across the world, including in Israel, put pressure on their governments and worked tirelessly against attempts that sought to empty the treaty of meaning, remove important clauses and, in essence, block any real enforcement. Here in Israel, hundreds of refugees from Darfur protested in front of the Russian Embassy against Russia’s transfer of arms to the Sudanese government, which are still being used to commit widespread human rights violations.

An Israeli soldier holds a drone. (IDF CC BY-NC 2.0)

An Israeli soldier holds a drone. (IDF CC BY-NC 2.0)

The campaign reached its peak last week after its 50th signatory pushed it past the threshold necessary for approval.

The treaty seeks to change a hypocritical reality, in which states openly decry horrifying human rights violations across the world, while surreptitiously allowing tremendous amounts of weapons to make it to those same places, thus fanning the flames while aiding and abetting the murder of thousands. It is not surprising to discover that more than 85% of cases of killings documented by Amnesty International were due to firearms, and that use of firearms were the cause of more than 60% of the most grave human rights violations documented.

Read: Profiting off war: A look into the world of Israeli arms dealing

The lack of oversight is exploited by arms dealers – including both private companies and countries – in order to make profits off of war-torn nations. Their economic interest is, therefore, the reason for the continual conflict.

But all this is going to change. The treaty forces governments to oversee and document their firearm exports, and to refrain completely from exporting them to those who could potentially use them to carry out gross human rights violations.

So where is Israel in this whole story? Just over a year ago, Israel voted in favor of the treaty. But since then, nothing has happened. While other countries voted for and signed the ATT, unfounded fears over a possible blow to Israeli security stunt every serious discussion about joining the treaty.

Israeli tanks on the border with Gaza. (photo: Activestills)

Israeli tanks on the border with Gaza. (photo: Activestills)

The official reason for not approving the treaty is a fear that doing so could lead to the limiting of weapon sales to Israel. Gili Cohen’s article in Haaretz revealed that the stated reason has nothing to do with reality, according to Haim Blumenblatt, the defense minister’s chief of staff:

Most of the risks the treaty poses to Israel and the IDF will apply to Israel whether it joins the convention or not, because they are also connected to the implementation of the treaty by other countries, and not by Israel.

Countries such as Britain, France and Germany (all three of whom are in the list of top ten arms exporters in the world) cannot sell weapons to a country that violates human rights, regardless of whether that same country signed the treaty. Therefore, if Israel is worried about international criticism vis-a-vis its human rights record, it should invest in improving it. Moreover, signing the treaty would serve as a statement to the world regarding Israel’s commitment to the principles of human rights.

As one of dozens weapons exporters in the world, Israel has the ability to play a big role on the international stage, by joining the international alliance and speaking out unequivocally against human rights violations.

Idan Itzhaki is the Communications Coordinator for Amnesty International – Israel. This article was first published on +972′s Hebrew-language sister site, Local Call. Read it in Hebrew here.

Related:
Profiting off war: A look into the world of Israeli arms dealing
PHOTOS: Tear gas not the only thing connecting Ferguson and Palestine

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    COMMENTS

    1. Gaudi

      Israel, according to Wikipedia is the 8th largest arms exporter and according to others is even higher than that.

      That is likely the real reason Israel odes not wish to sign the treaty.

      Reply to Comment
    2. Gustav

      Here we go. The “do gooders” are masturbating again. All talk, sanctimony, holier than thou and the murder and mayhem goes on world wide unabated, situation normal, all f-ed up (SNAFU). Treaties or no treaties, signed or not signed, the world wide trade in arms is set to grow no matter what. And who will they be looking at if blame would need to be aportioned? The usual scepegoats but they will ignore countries like Sweden who have a politically correct image but who are ranked number 9 as exporters of arm. Or Germany which is ranked as number 3. What about Russia, China, the UK and the USA? Well? Who cares? They will do what they will do. Who will dare to tell them what to do or not do?

      Reply to Comment
      • If Israel refuses to sign the treaty, it’s probably because it has something to gain for the continuation of the current state of affairs. While it states publicly that it doesn’t sell arms to war struck areas, its refusal to sign a treaty that simply reassures that is puzzling.
        Germany and Sweden, as you mentioned, that signed this treaty, are probably more inclined to ratify it as they are not involved in dubious and questionable arms transactions.

        Reply to Comment
        • Gustav

          No not much. Because you say it is so. There are many ways to appear to be respectable yet make sales. Have one’s cake and eat it too and point at others. I am sorry for being a cynic. You just go and believe what you want to believe but I say will live in a world full of hypocrisy.

          Reply to Comment
    3. Richard

      Israel wants to sell arms and make money. Behold how exceptionally evil Israel is for letting its economic interests influence foreign policy. Nowhere else, I say, nowhere else in the world will you find such malevolence and depravity.

      Reply to Comment
    4. Noe

      Israel is obviously and understandably worried about being signatory to any treaty that would put it under the potential punitive mechanisms of the “international community.” The 57 nation Muslim bloc and their 120 member non-aligned movement along with other parties for whom energy supplies are strongly needed control most such bodies directly or indirectly. Why would Israel place itself in jeopardy so that they could use a treaty intended for good to beat up good countries?

      Reply to Comment
    5. tuvya

      Why single out Israel? After 20 years of trying less than 20% of UN membets have agreed to this treaty. Isreal is just do I g what the vast majorite of nations agree with

      Reply to Comment