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'We'll build a new country': Sudanese refugees celebrate Bashir's downfall in Tel Aviv

Celebrations erupt on the streets of south Tel Aviv as Sudan’s dictator steps down after 30 bloody years in power. Despite what appears to be a military takeover, Sudanese asylum seekers in Israel believe their revolution will win out. 

By Edo Konrad and Oren Ziv

Sudanese asylum seekers celebrate the announcement that Omar al-Bashir will step down after 30 years in power, south Tel Aviv, April 11, 2019. (Edo Konrad)

Sudanese asylum seekers celebrate the announcement that Omar al-Bashir will step down after 30 years in power, south Tel Aviv, April 11, 2019. (Edo Konrad)

Mutasim Ali didn’t have much time to talk when we met in his south Tel Aviv office Thursday morning. The Sudanese Army had just announced that Omar al-Bashir, who has ruthlessly lead Sudan for the last 30 years, was preparing to step down, and Ali had a party to plan.

After all, for Ali and for the approximately 7,000 Sudanese asylum seekers in Israel, al-Bashir, who is wanted by the International Criminal Court for crimes against humanity, war crimes and genocide in Darfur, is the very reason they fled their homeland. Al-Bashir’s downfall feels like it could bring them closer to the day he and hundreds of thousands of Sudanese refugees worldwide can return to their homes.

As a university student, Ali was persecuted and imprisoned for demonstrating against the regime, prompting him to flee to Israel. His home in Darfur was burned down by pro-government militias, and his family still lives in a displaced persons’ camp.

“This is one of the most exciting days of our lives,” says Ali, who has since become a lawyer and is one of the leading activists for refugee rights in Israel, as we leave the office and head across town to meet other Sudanese asylum seeker friends.

“On the one hand, there is nothing more beautiful than watching our people rise up against this dictatorship. On the other hand, I can’t help but feel jealous that I am not out there in the streets with them,” he says, his eyes nearly welling up with tears.

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There are thousands of Sudanese asylum seekers in Israel, where they have found safety but not refugee protections, do not hold legal status, and lack many basic services and rights. Ali is the only Sudanese national to have been recognized as a refugee by Israel. The government has invested great time in resources in finding ways to deport African asylum seekers and in lieu of that, to making their lives miserable here. Those who were able have left for more welcoming countries, but most will tell you their real dream is to return home.

“I have been waiting for this moment my entire life,” says Munim Haroun as we walk through south Tel Aviv’s Levinsky Park, which has become a central meeting spot for asylum seekers in the city over the years. “I am so proud of the Sudanese society, they made huge efforts to bring down the dictatorship.” Haroun, like Ali, was also a student activist who protested the regime, until he was forced to flee, leaving his family behind. “The protesters demonstrated for five straight months until the army woke up and tell the dictatorship enough.”

Sudanese asylum seekers embrace in south Tel Aviv's Levinksy Park following the announcement that Omar al-Bashir will step down after 30 years in power, April 11, 2019. (Oren Ziv/Activestills.org)

Sudanese asylum seekers embrace in south Tel Aviv’s Levinksy Park following the announcement that Omar al-Bashir will step down after 30 years in power, April 11, 2019. (Oren Ziv/Activestills.org)

As the news was still breaking, many of the Sudanese activists said they hope the protesters’ demands — a civilian transitional government and democratic elections, rather than a government led by the military — will be met in full. “We need to build a new country, one that believes in human rights and respects members of all religions,” says Haroun.

“For the past day I have been trying to find ways to be smuggled into the country,” he adds with a laugh. “I want to stand with my people there. There is nothing I miss more than my country and my family.”

As they wandered the streets of south Tel Aviv, Ali and Haroun began amassing a celebratory crowd of Sudanese behind them. Everywhere they went, they were greeted with chants of support, slogans calling for the downfall of the al-Bashir government, and demands for “freedom, justice, and peace.”

For now, their eyes are locked on social media as they watch the army release their friends and fellow dissidents released from prison, some after a decade behind bars.

“We began the struggle against the regime years ago, today the entire Sudanese people has joined in. The question is not why this happened now, but how we will build a new country,” Ali says.

Along with the elation and excitement, however, comes great caution. By midday, when Sudan’s defense minister announced that the army would take control of the state for a two-year transitional period, things began looking gloomy.

“We want change,” says Mubarak Abkar. “The army’s role is not to manage the state. This will only allow the dictatorship to continue.”

“The protests will continue, and even this temporary military regime will fall,” says Haroun. “They don’t have a solution for the economic situation, and when it comes to human rights, they have nothing to offer.”

And yet for now, optimism that the revolution will eventually win out seems to be prevailing.

“It is hard to describe what I am feeling right now,” says Tugud Omar Adam. “We were part of this huge change. We support our society and hope for an end to the extremist groups, as well as anyone who collaborated with al-Bashir. For him, this moment is about celebration and looking forward. “As I have said for years, the moment we can go back, I won’t stay here another second. I miss my mother.”

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    COMMENTS

    1. Ben

      All of this shows why these people are true refugees and asylum seekers, and good people, and not “economic migrants” aka “infiltrators,” and it shows how appallingly nasty has been Israel’s treatment of them.

      Reply to Comment
    2. Firentis

      Very touching and inspiring. When are they leaving?

      Reply to Comment
      • Ben

        A typical Firentis contempt display. A question he’d never ask about white non-Jews, plenty of whom are present and are not leaving. Israel is basically a 19th century country and many of its Jewish citizens have the attitudes to match.

        Reply to Comment
        • Firentis

          Wow what a stupid comment. I don’t need to ask that, because it isn’t an issue.

          When anyone is caught in the country illegally they are deported. White, brown, whatever. I am sure you read the sob stories in Haaretz. Only in the case of several African countries is there blanket protection that prevents deportation. Until of course deportation becomes possible when the conditions in their home countries change.

          Reply to Comment
          • Ben

            I stand by what I said. About you and about the state. I know it is not a gentle experience to be called out on racism, but you have been coldly obvious, even ostentatious about it, and we have to call a spade a spade, as uncomfortable as that is.

            You have consistently shown maximal coldness and contempt and zero empathy—zero—for these people. You along with many other Israelis consistently dehumanize them. This comes from a deep well of racism. (And narcissism—“we alone among the nations bear no responsibility to take in and help refugees—we are too pure and too special.”)

            Your kind of response depends upon the assumed ignorance of the outsider readership.
            https://972mag.com/a-year-in-review-anti-african-racism-and-asylum-seekers-in-israel/72381/

            The viciousness with which Israel has met the African refugees is completely unlike the treatment it accords other actual economic migrants, “illegals,” workers who overstay their visas.

            And BTW you were the one who insisted they were “economic migrants” and “infiltrators” right up until, in the face of this article staring at you, you dropped that line for praising how touching they are now as patriotic, politically engaged asylum seekers, refugees from a despotic regime, but when are they leaving? LoL.

            Reply to Comment
          • Ben

            In March 2018, not just any schmoe, but the chief Sephardic Rabbi of Israel, Yitzhak Yosef, a principal figure in the Israeli power and status structure, used the term “Kushi” to refer to black people, which has Talmudic origins but is a derogatory word for people of African descent in modern Hebrew, basically the Hebrew equivalent of the N word. This chief Sephardic Rabbi also likened black people to monkeys.** ¥

            Yosef was not demoted after saying, in a similar sermon two years prior, that all non-Jews—Africans, Arabs, or otherwise—could only live in Israel if they agree to serve the country’s Jewish population.

            Israel’s other chief rabbi, Yisrael Lau, used the N-word to describe Black athletes on his very first day in office in July 2013.

            None other than Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said in a public speech that the arrival of non-Jewish African refugees was “much worse” for Israel than “severe attacks by Sinai terrorists.” And has repeatedly likened African refugees to “terrorists” who he fears carry “Ebola virus.” And as we all know, Israelis enthusiastically re-elected this man. Democracy!

            Needless to say, not a single African asylum-seeker in Israel has ever been charged with terrorism offenses. The baseless smear is intended to demonize the refugees.
            Israelis have several times murdered innocent black people while precisely keying off the “they are terrorists” theme.

            And you, Firentis, evidently despise these black refugees. I’m going by what you have said over multiple posts, You display a special contempt for them and seem proud to show it off. I’m not really picking on you. Just because you are unexceptional and representative I am taking issue with you.

            This is the reality of Israel in 2019. It is not “leftist” to call this spade a spade.

            __________________
            ** Surkes, Sue (20 March 2018). “Chief rabbi calls black people ‘monkeys'”. The Times of Israel.
            ** Kra-Oz, Tal (14 May 2018). “Israeli Chief Rabbi Calls African Americans ‘Monkeys'”. The Tablet.
            ¥ It is not limited to Africans. (Or perhaps I should say that to right wing Israelis and to American Trump birthers they are all Africans.) I’ve heard a form of Yosef’s “monkey” comment from Israelis targeting none other than the 44th president of the United States. The wife of a high placed Israeli government minister thinks it’s great fun to refer to the president of the United States in terms of “weak black coffee.” What fun! And that’s what she permitted herself to say in public.

            Reply to Comment