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South Tel Aviv stories: 'I left Sudan due to war and I'm still in a war'

Sudanese refugee Abraham Alu saw his parents killed by militiamen when he was just seven years old. He discusses life in Israel and how he ended up here. The latest installment of the South Tel Aviv Stories.

Abraham Alu, a 35-year-old refugee from what is now South Sudan, was on his way to the store last Wednesday night when an anti-African protest in south Tel Aviv turned violent. Jewish Israelis chased and beat African asylum seekers, broke the windows of a car full of African men, and smashed storefronts of African-owned stores in south Tel Aviv.

An African man who was attacked following a riot in Tel Aviv, May 23 2012 (photo: Oren Ziv/Activestills)

Alu, who was headed out to buy food, almost ran into a mob. But police pointed to the group headed in his direction and said, “Run, they’ll murder you! Run!” Alu turned around and headed back to the tiny, one-room apartment he shares with 11 other South Sudanese men.

Approximately 60,000 African asylum seekers currently live in Israel. While Sudanese and Eritreans are protected from deportation, Israel does not issue them work visas. The refugees scrabble together a living by working odd jobs. Many live in south Tel Aviv, a historically poor area of the city, where rent is cheap.

On a bright Sunday morning just days after the race riots, Alu stands on a busy pedestrian thoroughfare in south Tel Aviv. Many of the stores and restaurants on the strip are owned by or cater to Southeast Asian migrant workers or Africans. Both Israeli and foreign vendors line the edge of the cobblestone walkway, their wares spread out on sheets.

Alu, a tall man with broad shoulders, sells plastic boots. He stands behind them, as though he’s trying to put a barrier between himself and the world. “I feel afraid even right now,” he says, adding that he faces constant harassment from Jewish Israeli residents of the neighborhood.

“They come here and [say], ‘What are you doing here? This is our country, go home; go back to [Sudan].’”

“I left [South] Sudan when I was small because of the war and here, right now, I’m still in a war,” Alu says.

Unaccompanied minors from Sudan at a shelter in south Tel Aviv in 2008. Abraham Alu fled South Sudan, alone, when he was just seven years old. (photo: Mya Guarnieri)

When Alu was seven years old, he saw both his mother and father murdered by militiamen. He fled his village alone. To this day, Alu does not know what happened to his brothers. Twenty-eight years later, he continues to search for his brothers by asking other refugees if they have met them or heard anything about them.

Alu eventually ended up in Egypt, where he worked odd jobs to survive. In Cairo, he joined a sit-in outside of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees to protest the conditions African asylum seekers face in Egypt. The 3000 demonstrators, who camped out for three months in late 2005, also asked for the UNHCR to help them move to other countries.

On December 30, 2005, approximately 4000 Egyptian policemen stormed the protest camp. They fired water cannons into the crowd, which included women and children, and beat demonstrators with batons. More than 20 Africans were killed, including a four-year-old girl. The Egyptian Interior Ministry said a stampede was to blame for the deaths, though media reports cast doubt on that claim.

Alu fled for Israel. Because he’d heard that the journey through Sinai was dangerous, he left his wife, two-and-a-half-year-old daughter, and infant son behind. He would send for them once he was settled somewhere and the situation was stable.

After he crossed into Israel in early 2006, Alu was held in prison for a year. He has been living in south Tel Aviv since he was released.

In the wake of last week’s violence, Alu says, “We have to move from [Israel]… but there’s nowhere to go.”

While Alu wants to go home and help build South Sudan, which has been independent for less than a year, he doesn’t feel that it is safe to return.

A shopper stops and picks up a pair of black work boots. He asks, in Arabic, how much the shoes cost and Alu answers, “Eighty shekel.” The man clucks his tongue and says he can give Alu 70. Alu explains that he buys them for 70 a pair and only makes a 10 NIS profit. As the potential buyer—a young man with short dreadlocks—starts to leave, Alu calls after him. “I’ll give them to you for 75.” The man walks on.

Alu gestures to the shoes. “Where is my future? Where is my future? This is my future?”

“I want to be somebody who will do something in the new country [of South Sudan]. But when I go back, I [will] have no money, no education, no nothing. Just me and myself, me and the few clothes I will put in a plastic bag.”

Asylum seekers, Alu adds, “don’t want to be rich. No, we are [a humble] people. We just want something to eat, we want to sleep well, to feel secure—that’s it.”

When Alu is scared, he imagines his home in South Sudan, despite the fact that he hasn’t seen it in almost three decades. He smiles for the first time in the half an hour we’ve spent together. “I’ll go and sit under my tree there.”

His father was a farmer, Alu explains, and the family had banana and mango trees. There was one particular mango tree that Alu loved. “Yeah, I remember my tree. I think about it a lot.”

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    COMMENTS

    1. I don’t know what to say.

      Reply to Comment
    2. proudzionist777

      The government of Israel should ‘teach him to fish’ and send him and his family home.

      He sought asylum and he found it in Israel. The war in Sudan is over. Time to go home.

      Reply to Comment
    3. caden

      Mya, how many Africans are enough, give me a number.

      Reply to Comment
    4. Woody

      @proudzionist: The war is not over. The danger is not over. Even your claims that it is are based on the most flimsy of evidence – that a treaty was signed? This is thin and weak. Let’s make a comparison, shall we, of what a proud-American might have said of the Jewish refugees arriving in the US?

      Utilizing your reasoning, oh proud Zionist, when Michael Weichert, the Jewish Director of the Jewish Aid Office of the Generalgovourenment (JUS) was issuing reports to the West that the situation was “ok” in Nazi Germany for Jews, despite the beginning of liquidations, the US and other Western nations should have gone ahead and forcibly deported JEws back to Germany? They should have done so because there was “a report” that things were ok? Now keep in mind, that during the Holocaust, this was a report 1) coming from a Jew in charge of 2) a Jewish Aid organization that 3) received money from the US and other Western countries. Not sure if you’re aware of this, but sometimes people have an interest to distort the truth.

      Consider applying the same level of scrutiny to the fate of “others” as you would wish applied to yourself. Absence to do so isn’t merely “looking at the facts”, but is racism by omission.

      Reply to Comment
    5. caden

      Woody, you want to open up the can of worms about how western governments treated Jews who were fleeing CERTAIN death, go ahead. But the onloy country that aquited itself well there was Denmark, that’s it.

      And just how many ‘Sudanese are on your street. I know your a regular on mondoweiss, which means your sorry that Hitler wasn’t successful but times have changed

      Reply to Comment
    6. Proudzionist777

      @Mya

      The BBC link is 7 months old. The more timely link refers to a border skirmish. Give the Sudanese migrants military training and send them home to defend their new country.

      Reply to Comment
    7. max

      @Woody, very interesting what you write there… do you have any backup to your claim? Did you read his memoirs or his court papers? Are you sure he used the American term “OK”?
      Or is it just a continuation of your disinformation efforts?
      .
      Hosting countries have no obligation to help refugees get a better life once back in their homeland… though it seems like Israel did even less than it’s supposed to do (not that providing work to all is that simple).
      I understood that the Israeli court is involved in the decisions in regards to the fate of the ‘illegal immigrants’ and refugees: what has been decided?

      Reply to Comment