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How Americans really feel about equality for Palestinians and Israelis

The Obama administration is only willing to discuss a one-state solution in terms of apartheid and violence. But asked whether Jews and Palestinians should be equal, the vast majority of Americans suddenly become one-state supporters. And then there’s sanctions…

Palestinians use a ladder to climb over the Israeli separation wall in A-Ram, north of Jerusalem, on their way to Al-Aqsa mosque in the Old city of Jerusalem to attend the second Friday prayer in the fasting month of Ramadan, 19 July 2013. (Photo: Oren Ziv/Activestills.org)

Palestinians use a ladder to climb over the Israeli separation wall in A-Ram, north of Jerusalem, 19 July 2013. (Photo: Oren Ziv/Activestills.org)

Thirty-seven percent of Americans think the United States should respond to ongoing Israeli settlement construction with economic sanctions, or harsher measures, according to a public opinion survey published by the Brookings Institute last week.

And that’s a relatively consistent position. Thirty-nine percent of Americans gave an identical answer to the same poll a year ago. On the other hand, 61 percent in the 2014 poll said that Washington should suffice with verbal reprimands or do nothing at all about Israeli settlement construction. Brookings did not release the raw data for the 2015 poll and the summary it did publish made no mention how many people thought the U.S. should do nothing.

The pollster, Shibley Telhami, did not ask respondents what the United States should do about existing Israeli settlements in occupied Palestinian territories, however, where an estimated 500,000 Jewish Israelis already live.

Nor did the poll explore more general attitudes toward the Palestinian call for boycott, BDS, which has a far wider set of demands than just stopping new settlement construction. The Palestinian call for Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions demands that Israel end its occupation of lands occupied in 1967, guarantee full equality for Palestinian citizens of Israel, and implement a just resolution to the Palestinian refugee problem.

To the best of my knowledge, no serious American public opinion polling on the Palestinian BDS call has been published to date.

One state, two state, red state, blue state

The second interesting finding in the Brookings poll, prepared ahead of the Saban Forum taking place this week, touched on an issue behind which the American administration has been throwing its weight in recent weeks: what does Israel plan to do if — or when — the two-state solution is no longer tenable, assuming that moment is indeed still in the future.

The White House and State Department are using the threat of a looming one-state solution to try and push Israel’s leadership toward saving the two-state solution. Ahead of Netanyahu’s visit to Washington last month, senior White House advisors made clear that President Obama wanted to hear from Prime Minister Netanyahu exactly what he is willing to do to “[prevent] the emergence of a one-state solution.”

Speaking at the Saban Forum on Saturday, Secretary of State Kerry made clear his belief that “the one-state solution is no solution at all for a secure Jewish democratic Israel living in peace. It is simply not a viable option.”

Here is where the United States government employs an out-of-sight-out-of-mind attitude toward alternatives to the two-state solution. The only alternative Kerry is willing to discuss is a future of apartheid in which Palestinians are subject to segregation and denied basic civil and human rights. Or where Jewish Israelis are threatened with new levels of strife and violence both from Palestinians and the wider Arab world.

U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry orders a shawarma sandwich in Ramallah, May 23, 2013. (State Dept. photo)

U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry orders a shawarma sandwich in Ramallah, May 23, 2013. (State Dept. photo)

“How does Israel possibly maintain its character as a Jewish and democratic state when from the river to the sea there would not even be a Jewish majority?” Kerry asked attendees of the Saban Forum. “Would millions of Palestinians be given the basic rights of Israeli citizens including the right to vote, or would they be relegated to a permanent underclass? Would the Israelis and Palestinians living in such close quarters have segregated roads and transportation systems with different laws applying in the Palestinian enclaves?”

Never has Secretary Kerry, or anybody in the Obama administration ever publicly imagined that a one-state solution could actually provide equality for all of its residents. They refrain from even suggesting the possibility of such a future, because it would require Israel to become a state that belongs to all of its citizens, ceasing to be a “Jewish state” that is doomed to keep its non-Jewish citizens in a permanent position of political, economic, security and social inferiority.

Unlike Kerry and Obama, however, the American public is far more willing to embrace such a future.

Thirty-five percent of Americans favor a two-state solution, the Brookings poll found, compared to 31 percent who already favor a one-state future. But here’s where it starts to get interesting.

Asked what solution they would prefer if a two-state solution turns out to be impossible, 73 percent of respondents said they would support “a single democratic state in which both Jews and Arabs are full and equal citizens, covering all of what is now Israel and the Palestinian Territories.” (Note: the language of the question is taken from last year’s poll since this year’s full data set has not been released. In this week’s survey the pollster compared the two results — 66 percent of respondents gave the same answer in 2014 — which suggests that the question was asked in the same format in both instances.)

On the other hand, that suggests that 27 percent of Americans would prefer either permanent occupation or a discriminatory apartheid regime. In the 2014 poll, 22 percent of respondents said they would prefer “maintain[ing] the occupation of both the territories Israel has captured in 1967 and the Palestinians inhabiting them indefinitely.” Another 10 percent of Americans said they would prefer “annexation without equal citizenship: Israel would annex the Palestinian territories, but keep a majority-Jewish state in the expanded territories by restricting citizenship rights of Palestinians.”

A elderly Palestinian man walks past an Israeli soldier stationed in the center of the occupied city of Hebron, West Bank, October 29, 2015. (Yotam Ronen/Activestills.org)

A elderly Palestinian man walks past an Israeli soldier stationed in the center of the occupied city of Hebron, West Bank, October 29, 2015. (Yotam Ronen/Activestills.org)

The Brookings poll indicates that the American public is willing to go much further than its government with regards to ending the occupation and ensuring that Palestinian human rights are realized. In fact, in the 2014 poll a full 83 percent of Americans said that protecting human rights should be at least among the top five American foreign policy priorities. (The question was asked in the context of a poll on attitudes toward Israel and Palestine.)

The United States government, however, is unwilling to go beyond comically friendly censures of ongoing construction in settlements, which constitute a violation of international law and direct lead to the violation of Palestinian human rights. And despite the constantly shrinking number of Israelis and Palestinians who still believe a two-state outcome is a realistic goal — due to Israeli settlements but also because of seemingly unbridgeable gaps between the two sides — Washington is unwilling to discuss any palatable alternatives, only nightmare scenarios of permanent apartheid and perpetual strife.

The American political system is not very good at quickly responding to shifting public views on foreign policy issues of such nuance. Especially in an election year, the only two options any American politician will entertain are either a two-state solution or maintaining the status quo. In moments in history when mainstream politics becomes unresponsive to popular demand, grassroots movements have the greatest potential to affect change. Rest assured, the Palestinian BDS movement is counting on such a moment.

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    COMMENTS

    1. Ben

      Meet Libby Lenkinsky, who moved to Israel 12 years ago:

      http://www.haaretz.com/haaretzq/1.689567

      Hearts and minds

      “As individuals outside of Israel, if we miss out on the stories of these fierce new change-makers, we miss out on the most authentic opportunity for connection. We have been missing out on those opportunities for too long.”

      Reply to Comment
      • Merkava

        You really don’t have a job, do you, BEN? While normal folks are either preparing to go to work or are working or are looking for jobs or are creating jobs for themselves and/or others and being useful and productive human beings, you are on Jewish websites EVERY SINGLE DAY fixating on- and obsessing about Jews and Israel, none of which is in any way, shape or form any of your business, and commenting on EVERY SINGLE article by either ranting or copying and pasting.

        Woof, BEN! Obsssion with Jews gonna destroy ya. Sheesh.

        Reply to Comment
    2. David Cannon

      The fundamental problem is that both Muslims and Jews claim the same land. The answer to this problem is not for Israel to;
      illegally occupy land in defiance of UN resolutions,
      institute indiscriminate collective punishment,
      create an open prison in Gaza,
      illegally bomb Gaza,
      execute extra-judicial assassinations,
      institute Zionist apartheid,
      atomise the West Bank with walls and illegal settlements.
      Such unacceptable and violent injustices simply create more anger. The more that political solutions are frustrated, the more that, equally unacceptable, violence will be the response. The more the West supports these injustices, the more likely the West is to be targeted by violent attacks.

      I defend the right of Jews to exist peacefully but leaders on both sides have got to look to the future not to the past. Western policies backing fundamentalist zionist atrocities are a recruiting sergeant for fundamentalist Muslim atrocities. The US, EU & Israeli arms industry laughs all the way to the bank. A single, secular state is the sole sustainable solution. Religious extremists on both sides will undoubtedly resist a secular solution but I say; roll on ‘New Jerusalem’; place of peace.

      I recommend this YouTube clip by a one time staunch Zionist called Miko Peled; https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=TOaxAckFCuQ
      Miko Peled has described his 2012 book, The General’s Son: Journey of an Israeli in Palestine, as an account of how he, “the son of an Israeli General, came to realize that “the story upon which I was raised … was a lie.” The book, he has said, is based largely on long conversations with his mother, on a thorough reading of “everything my dad had ever written,” and on material about his father’s career in the Israeli army archives.
      The book, which has been characterized as “part confessional, part cinematic epic and part emotional appeal for ‘different answers’ to the Israeli-Palestinian conundrum,” contains a foreword by Alice Walker.

      Compared to Islamic State, Israeli state violence is just as cold, calculating, cowardly, creates comprehensive carnage AND is completely counter-productive.

      Reply to Comment
      • Merkava

        Oy…. Vvvery weird stuff! It seems this lunatic who calls himself BEN has metamophorsed into yet ANOTHER alias and now really saying very weird stuff. While the copying is good, the pasting is too bad. And if you, David, can’t even copy and paste correctly, why would anyone waste his/her time trying to read your long, confused, rambling mumbo jumbo?

        Any ways, BEN, care to tell us why what you call “occupation” is “illegal”? Do you actually know why, or, are you just recycling, regurgitating and parroting the same old anti-Israel propaganda you heard from others and have been parroting here EVERY SINGLE DAY?

        I am sure you know that occupation is ALLOWED under International law? Ok then, lets hear your arguments. We are waiting, David……(LoL).

        Reply to Comment
    3. mistroh

      Wrong-o. Jordan was excised from British Mandate (formerly Ottoman) Palestine as a consolation prize to the Hashemites for not getting Arabia. Today, fully 70-74% of Jordanians identify as “Palestinians. ” Hmmmmm. And prior to the re-establishment of the Jewish National Homeland, the “Palestinians”…were the JEWS. The Arabs of the region rejected this monnicker as an insult.

      Reply to Comment