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Family life forbidden for migrant workers in Israel

Legal advocates decry Israeli policies toward migrant workers as inhumane and claim that they violate the laborers’ human right to family.

Maris Delusong, a 36-year-old caregiver from the Philippines, is alone at Tel Aviv’s Central Bus Station. She stops at a sale rack outside a clothing store. She looks at the baby clothes, pulls a pink onesie off the rack and runs her fingers over the soft fabric. Her face is sad as she puts the outfit back and moves along.

“It’s hard to be alone,” Delusong says. She found herself drawn to the baby clothes, she says, because “I remember my children. She’s four, the youngest. The eldest is 12.”

Delusong is five months into a five year “deployment”—the term Filipino migrants use to describe working overseas. Delusong takes care of an elderly woman in Kfar Saba. In Israel, wages are much higher than they are in the Philippines and, here, Delusong can save for her family’s future.

But while Delusong can work legally in Israel to earn for her husband and four children, Israeli law does not allow her or other migrants to bring their immediate family with them to the country. This puts tremendous stress on workers, their marriages, and their relationships with their children. The damage to the family can last long after a laborer has returned home.

“If I had a chance to bring them [my husband and children to Israel], I would,” Delusong says.

However, there is no a blanket prohibition preventing all foreigners from bringing family members to Israel. Diplomats, embassy workers, “experts” and such—in other words, white collar workers—can carry spouses and children on their Israeli visas.

Rotem Ilan, Director of the Association for Civil Rights in Israel’s (ACRI) Israeli Children project explains that migrants’ inability to bring their children with them “stems from the [Israeli government’s] fear that they will ‘put down roots’ in Israel… the state’s goal is to prevent them [non-Jewish migrant workers] from ‘putting down roots’ in Israel.” So, to the state, family life becomes a “threat,” Ilan says.

Not only are laborers prevented from bringing their families to Israel, once foreign workers are in the country, the state puts various restrictions on their ability to have children here. If a migrant gives birth when she is four and a half years or more into the 63-month visa Israel issues to most foreign laborers, she may not remain in the country with her child. This means that she must choose between keeping her baby with her in Israel or keeping her legal status and job.

If a woman whose husband is also working in the country gets pregnant before the four-and-a-half-year mark she must “choose between her husband and her baby,” Ilan says. “One of them has to go.”

Israeli authorities arrest a migrant worker and her small child [file]. (Photo by Oren Ziv/Activestills.org)

Israeli authorities arrest a migrant worker and her small child [file]. (Photo by Oren Ziv/Activestills.org)

Ilan and other critics of Israeli policy towards migrants say that the state’s treatment of foreign workers and their families is inhumane and violates the workers’ human rights, including the right to family. And while recent years have seen small victories for workers and their children, including the naturalization of hundreds of youth who were facing deportation, the state has essentially reversed those gains by coming up with even stiffer regulations.

In 2006, the Israeli High Court struck down a policy known as the “binding arrangement,” which tied caregivers to their Israeli employers, who had the power their legal status. In their ruling against the binding arrangement, the Supreme Court justices likened it to “modern day slavery.”

But in 2011 the Knesset passed a new piece of legislation that human rights organizations refer to as the “Slavery Law.” It limits caregivers’ ability to leave employers by restricting them to three job changes before they lose their visa. It also confines caregivers to pre-determined areas of the country, impinging on their freedom of movement.

Ilan points out that, like the binding arrangement, the “Slavery Law” sometimes prevents workers from leaving abusive employers. “Binding a worker to an employer does not respect [the worker’s] human rights,” Ilan says. Regarding the geographic restrictions placed on workers, she adds, “If we wanted more Israeli teachers in the south of Israel, we wouldn’t say if you don’t teach there, we’ll put you in jail.”

Migrant workers’ children also face imprisonment and deportation. Even though they’re born and raised in Israel, they are denied legal status. “There’s no way to get citizenship or residency if you’re not Jewish,” Ilan remarks.

Although Israel has twice opened “one-time windows” to naturalize “illegal” children, the state lacks a cohesive policy about how to deal with these non-Jews, many of whom speak Hebrew and have never visited their parents’ home countries. At the same time, Israel continues to bring migrants to the country and those workers continue to have babies that the state refuses to recognize. In 2013 alone, some 200 children were arrested and imprisoned before being deported along with their mothers.

Michelle Trinanis, 18, was one of 1,200 children threatened with expulsion in 2009 when Israel announced its intention to deport migrant families. Although the state opened a “one-time window” in 2010 that will lead to the naturalization of 700 of those children — 600 have already received status and, according to Ilan another 100 will receive their IDs — Trinanis was one of the many whose applications were initially denied despite meeting all of the criteria.

After a protracted legal battle, which went all the way to the Israeli Supreme Court, Trinanis finally has an Israeli identity card. In December, she will begin mandatory service in the army — the road to acceptance in mainstream Israeli society.

Although she doesn’t know yet what she will be requested to do in the military, Trinanis is happy and excited to join. “I already fought to stay in the country, so I will fight for the country,” she says.

But she admits that it’s “unfair” that other migrants’ children are not getting legal status. And Trinanis says that she remains conflicted about the issue. She has friends who were not naturalized; she tries to give them the same support and encouragement that others gave her when she was struggling with the threat of deportation.

On the other hand, Trinanis says she understands the state’s reasoning.  “When I was young, I thought ‘why can’t they give anyone a teudat zehut (Israeli ID)?’ I understand now that it’s a big problem [because of] the laws.”

“Israelis,” she explains, “are loyal to themselves.”

Trinanis’s words reflect the government line: for years, Israeli officials have claimed that its policies towards migrants and their families stem from concern about maintaining the country’s demographics and preserving a Jewish state.

Responding to officials’ claims that foreign workers and their children pose a “demographic threat,” Ilan says, “Then the country can’t bring new people. [Israel] can’t have it both ways—the state can’t bring people that are good enough to work for us but not good enough to be a part of us. If you bring human beings to the country, you have to give them human rights.”

Related:
When it comes to migrant workers, Israel’s High Court is all High-Level Babble
Forgotten deportees: Israeli-born children of migrant workers

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    COMMENTS

    1. Joel

      The planet is rapidly overheating, while ISIS sells human beings into chattel slavery, and I’m supposed to be concerned about a slight to some migrant workers.

      Reply to Comment
      • Robert Gavila

        Israel is definitely better than ISIS.

        Reply to Comment
    2. Tomer

      The foreign workers are just that… foreign workers. They have no Israeli Citizens rights.

      They can return to Philiphines if it does not suit them here.

      Reply to Comment
      • Uncle Tom

        How genreous of you, oh Massa Tomer. good master, Buana

        Reply to Comment
    3. Khaled Cheema

      I’d love to see how Zionist Jews would react outside Israel if they were treated the same way they treat non-Jews in Israel.

      Reply to Comment
      • Joel

        @Khaled

        What country to you live in?

        Reply to Comment
        • The Trespasser

          Don’t expect to get a honest answer from that fellow.

          Reply to Comment
    4. Noe

      This is why they’re foreign workers. There are visas that allow families to move together into Israel, but this isn’t that type of entry permit.

      This situation is exactly the same in countries such as Canada.

      Reply to Comment
      • Danny

        In Canada there is a grace period (typically around 5 years) that allows for family reunification for foreign nationals. Canada also has a very progressive immigration policy for foreign nationals and their families.

        Israel, in contrast, has no such policy. It treats all non-Jewish foreign workers in more or less the same way: Cheap labor and nothing more.

        Denying a person living in Israel the right to a family life because they are not Jewish has been an unofficial Israeli policy pretty much since its inception.

        Reply to Comment
    5. Noe

      I’ll tell your story to the Filipino care worker I personally know in Canada who has been separated from her husband and two sons for some years now.

      Reply to Comment
      • Philos

        Two wrongs don’t make a right. The immigration policies of most Western states are dreadful and abusive, and Israel is at the apogee of that abuse. In each country people are fighting for the human rights of everyone but there’s very little to emulate from Europe, USA, Canada or Australia who should really be ashamed of the way they treat people; citizens and non-citizens alike.

        Reply to Comment
        • Elouise

          Fortunately, migrant workers are free to look elsewhere for employment. I hear KSA & Qatar are looking to hire.

          Reply to Comment
          • Ray

            A fine world this would be if everybody’s solution to injustice was “move/work/go somewhere else.”

            Reply to Comment
    6. Cecilia

      foreign workers have rights! Israeli society depends heavily in specific job sectors on foreign workers. The Israeli government is backwards in thinking not to include an overall plan considering those who are residing in Israel on a work visa and respecting their basic human rights like family planning. The theory to preserve an all Jewish state is inconsiderable when the political and economic platform is what it holds today and I am not opposed to living in an enriched multicultural society. That is looking forward.

      Reply to Comment
      • Noe

        Israel is one of the most multicultural countries you will ever find.

        Like most countries, Israel also seeks to restrict immigration to those it wishes to bring in. Since, by definition, Israel was established in order to provide a home and refuge for Jews, it emphasizes Jewish immigration.

        Foreign workers, all over the world, tend to come to their host countries for limited periods, usually on restricted work visas that expire. Then they go home. For some reason, Israel, with a landmass that represents less than 2% of the entire Middle East and a tiny fraction of European countries’ areas, is expected by some to be the home for all African migrants, all foreign workers and, of course, every descendant of a Palestinian.

        Perhaps our ambitious activists could expend their energies improving conditions in the impoverished countries from which all these folks come to Israel instead of finding yet another tool with which to criticize it?

        Reply to Comment
    7. Richard

      I think a better title would be: “Meaningful literary career forbidden for untalented writer working as leftist hack in Israel.”

      Reply to Comment