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Bil'in: Photographing a decade of popular struggle

Activestills photographers have been documenting the popular struggle protests against the Israeli Wall in the West Bank village of Bil’in from their inception in 2005. The following is a selection with personal stories marking 10 years of their work in the village.

The village of Bil’in will mark a decade of nonviolent protests and popular struggle on Friday, February 27, 2015.

A House visit in an off-protest day, Bil'in, West Bank, 2005. Keren Manor / Activestills.org

A child photographed during a personal visit in an off-protest day, Bil’in, West Bank, 2005. Keren Manor / Activestills.org

By Keren Manor

The first time I came to Bil’in was in 2005, with the Anarchists Against The Wall group. It was also my first time in the Occupied Palestinian Territories and one of the events that completely changed my life. My strongest memory from that initial experience was the shocking realization that everything I thought and believed about the political situation in Palestine and Israel was distorted.

At the time I was studying photography and I came to the protests with my black and white film camera. I got to know more photographers, Oren, Yotam and Eduardo Suteras, who like me, kept going to the demonstrations week after week. We all shared a desire to show what was happening and try to influence public opinion in Israel and internationally. This was the point that connected us and from which the Activestills collective was founded. For me, marking 10 years of the struggle in Bil’in also marks 10 years of working together as a collective.

This picture was not taken during a demonstration but during one of my visits to the village on an off-protest day. At the time, we participated in every Friday protest, but it was important for me to also visit the village when there were fewer cameras around. I got to know the people who used to be figures in the papers, usually portrayed in a scary way. People who opened their homes and their hearts for me, whose pain I felt and in time I became their partner.

Muhammed Khatib speaks to Israeli soldiers during an action against the construction of the Wall, Bil'in, West Bank, 2005. Oren Ziv / Activestills.org

Muhammed Khatib speaks to Israeli soldiers during an action against the construction of the Wall, Bil’in, West Bank, 2005. Oren Ziv / Activestills.org

By Oren Ziv

This photo was taken at my first protest in Bi’lin. Hundreds of Palestinians and around 10 Israeli activists from Anarchists Against the Wall were marching from the center of the village to the planned route of the wall. At the time, the bulldozers had only just started their work.

I was really nervous about not knowing the area and not knowing what to expect; we were walking fast trying to keep up with the activists who led the march. As we arrived, the Israeli soldiers were getting ready to attack us, but a second before they started throwing stun grenades, Muhamad Khatib said to them in Hebrew: “Don’t shoot, it’s a peaceful protest.” The commander told him to stay back. While they were talking, the rest of the marchers made it to the construction site and the activists started to plant olive trees on the route of the wall.

Since then, I’ve marched the same route hundreds of times — from the center of Bil’in to the village’s lands, left behind the wall. My first time, however, was the only time I managed to do it without getting shot at along the way.

 

The Israeli activist, Ben Ronen, being arrested by the army during the weekly protest against the building of the Wall in the West Bank village of Bil'in, August 26, 2005. Yotam Ronen / Activestills.org

Israeli activist Ben Ronen being arrested by the army during the weekly protest against the building of the Wall in the West Bank village of Bil’in, August 26, 2005. Yotam Ronen / Activestills.org

By Yotam Ronen

I choose this photo because my brother is photographed in it. This was one of the first protests I went to in Bil’in, together with him, and it was the first time I participated in any political activity in the West Bank.

My brother had been arrested a few times before, as had many other activists who I knew. My instinct was always to jump and help him, or others, trying to free them. But this photo is meaningful to me because it was one of the first times I saw somebody I knew, somebody who was part of the struggle, getting arrested and I chose to keep taking pictures. I think it was a moment in which I realized that I would always have to find the right balance between the activist and the photographer in me.

Demonstrators dismantle a section of the barrier during a demonstration marking the fifth anniversary of the struggle against the Israeli separation barrier in the West Bank village of Bil'in, Friday, 19, 2010. By: Anne Paq / Activestills.org

Demonstrators dismantle a section of the barrier during a demonstration marking the fifth anniversary of the struggle against the Israeli barrier in the West Bank village of Bil’in, Friday, 19, 2010. By: Anne Paq / Activestills.org

By Anne Paq

For me, Bil’in is not just any village but one that had a big impact on my decision to stay and work in Palestine. It was in Bil’in that I started to go to protests and learned about the Palestinian popular resistance.

I remember the weekly demonstration in Bil’in one day in 2007. It was the first Friday following the Israeli Supreme Court decision that ordered the state to change the route of the wall “within a reasonable period of time.” 
I remember the joy — activists, hand in hand, Palestinians, Israelis and internationals, singing and dancing together.

But the activists were not fooled by the court’s ruling and expressed their determination to continue the resistance until they gained back all of their lands. And it did take four more years of protest, hundreds of more demonstrations, two further court petitions, hundreds of injured and two demonstrators killed for the Israeli state to finally implement the ruling.

The fifth anniversary of the struggle took place one week after preliminary infrastructure work finally broke ground as Israel began to reroute the wall in accordance with the ruling. There was a special call for activists to join and dismantlement the wall themselves. At the height of the demonstration, protesters managed to get to the fence, dismantle a large section, and cross the wall, placing a Palestinian flag on top of an Israel army outpost. The sense of jubilation and victory was palpable. The Israeli army, however would not let the celebration continue. The soldiers responded by spraying “skunk water” and shooting scores of tear gas canisters. The scene of Israeli soldiers defending a wall that they themselves had to dismantle was so absurd.

Perhaps this dismantlement was only a small victory, but in the 10 years that I have been here, facts on the ground have only developed in one direction: more walls, more settlements, more demolitions of Palestinian homes, more illegal annexation of Palestinian lands. Therefore, a small victory on the ground carries huge promise. A promise that pressure works, that things can be changed, and that people’s power will not be defeated.

Subhiya Abu Rahme cries at the memorial garden planted on the spot where her son, Bassem, in a 2009 protest, was shot and killed with a high-velocity tear gas grenade fired by Israeli soldiers, Bil'in, West Bank, October 4, 2013.

Subhiya Abu Rahme cries at the memorial garden planted on the spot where her son, Bassem, in a 2009 protest, was shot and killed with a high-velocity tear gas grenade fired by Israeli soldiers, Bil’in, West Bank, October 4, 2013. Ryan Rodrick Beiler / Activestills.org

By Ryan Rodrick Beiler

Because I spent most Fridays at the less-covered weekly popular protest in Al Ma’sara, I only made it to the Bil’in demonstration once. Many journalists had already photographed Bil’in’s tear gas memorial garden. But after being there myself and seeing the coverage in the mainstream media, I just had to write an article about it. Most coverage presented the garden as a quaint artistic flourish, and failed to even identify by name the “Palestinian woman” who was watering the flowers. They failed to mention that the garden was a memorial to Bassem Abu Rahmah, on the spot where he was struck in the chest and killed by a high-velocity tear gas canister fired at him by an Israeli soldier in 2009. They did not mention that the woman watering the flowers was his mother, Subhiya. This case provides just one example of how Activestills contrasts with typical news photography: rather than just grinding out action shots or weird news click-bait, we try to step back and provide the full context — even if it’s less charming.

 

Youth marching at a funeral ceremony of Bassem Abu Rahme, Bil'in, West Bank, 2009. Shahaf Polakov / Activestills.org

Youth marching at a funeral ceremony of Bassem Abu Rahme, Bil’in, West Bank, 2009. Shachaf Polakow / Activestills.org

By Shachaf Polakow

This image was taken at the memorial service for Basem Abu Rahmah. Bassem used to welcome the international and Israeli activists who came to the protests in such a warm way, that from your first visit to Bil’in, you would feel included and welcome. The children in the image, taking part in the memorial service, are the hope and pride of the Palestinian resistance. They didn’t give up to army violence, the Israeli occupation and repression. I feel that our duty as photographers and activists, is to make sure that these youths have freedom from the occupation one day.

 

Activists run during a protest against the Wall, Bil'in, West Bank, 2008. Tess Schaflan / Activestills.org

Activists run during a protest against the Wall, Bil’in, West Bank, 2008. Tess Schaflan / Activestills.org

By Tess Schaflan

I photographed tear gas being shot at protesters during the third anniversary of the Bil’in struggle against the wall on Friday, February 22, 2008. I was walking on crutches that day, following a motorcycle crash and was photographing alongside fellow Activestills photographer Oren Ziv, who incidentally, was also partially disabled at the time after crashing his motorcycle. We both couldn’t move so we stayed on the back part of the protest, on a nearby hill.

We were photographing the protest from a distance, as neither of us was able to move fast enough to get closer. It was a limiting yet challenging photography exercise. It made me think about Rani Burant, a Palestinian activist from Bil’in who was confined to a wheel chair after being shot in the neck by an Israeli sniper. Rani Burant has attended and documented each and every protest in his village for the last decade.

International activists confront an Israeli skunk canon during a protest in Bil'in, West Bank, 2001. Ahmad al-Bazz / Activestills.org

International activists confront an Israeli skunk canon during a protest in Bil’in, West Bank, 2011. Ahmad al-Bazz / Activestills.org

By Ahmad al-Bazz

The village of Bil’in has succeeded in becoming the symbol of the poplar struggle in Palestine. Bi’lin has attracted tens of thousands of international activists from around the world. Some of them joined the demonstrations only once, while others stayed and attended for several months or even years. In this photo you see three international activists facing a skunk water canon that would soon throw the most horrible smelly water on them. For me, to see activists from outside joining the struggle is very impressive and inspiring.

A Palestinian youth kicks a tear gas canister during a protest against the Wall, 2014. Miki Kratszman / Activestills.org

A Palestinian youth kicks a tear gas canister during a protest against the Wall, 2014. Miki Kratszman / Activestills.org

By Miki Kratsman

This image of the “kicking boy” was taken in my last visit to a protest in Bil’in, on March 2014. For me, “the kicking boy” is an image that exemplifies the gap between an event and the day-to-day routine; between what is considered a “decisive moment” — in terms of a singular photograph — and a “daily life” photo, an everyday image.

For the consumer of regular news photography, it would look like a regular news image, a small event in a Palestinian demonstration — and in a way it is. But at the same time it is a generic photo, not very specific, it becomes also an image of a ritual.

Since 2005 the Friday protests in the village of Bil’in have become a consistent tool against the Israeli occupation. As long as the day-to-day reality of the occupation is a mundane routine for Israelis, the Friday protests are a ritual for these brave Palestinian activists, who are insistent that their voices be heard. For this reason the “kicking boy” is not a “decisive moment” photo, as it may look, but a moment of daily life. That is why this somewhat expected Friday image, becomes also for me, a ritualistic photograph.

Read also:
The Wall, 10 years on
IDF: Palestinian nonviolent protest is an ideological crime
Bil’in activists remember Kayla Mueller, her time in Palestine

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    COMMENTS

    1. Jello

      Its nice that the Israeli soldiers and the Palestinians cooperate to create a wonderful and safe backdrop for amateur photographers to practice their craft. And they can go get a coffee afterwards in Tel Aviv and discuss their heroic exploits. Activist tourism at its best.

      Reply to Comment
      • Jello, read Keren Manor again. The Israeli photographers of Activestills perfect their craft in the most difficult of situations. Their photos over the years are one of the most potent criticisms of the their country’s occupation of the Palestinian territories – in all its ramifications – that you can find. The photos are sometimes taken at the risk of their lives. And what’s to stop you signing your real name ?

        Reply to Comment
        • Jello

          Carol, I have read the articles. They are written by a bunch of activist tourists who sacrifice a weekend here and there to go take some nice photographs. I have a friend that goes on expensive trips to various parts of the world to take pictures of wildlife and sponsor various conservation projects. This, as far as I am concerned, is the exact equivalent. It is predictable and it is about as safe as it possibly gets for “conflict photography” and “activism” and then they get to go back to the safety and comfort of Tel Aviv where the can commiserate about their experience and feel quasi-important. It is all rather droll, as are the staged weekly confrontations between the soldiers and the Palestinians. You might as well turn it into a play and have it perform in Tel Aviv on Fridays and it would have the same significance.

          And I don’t particularly see much of a reason to use my name. The only reason to use real names is to make arguments personal rather than focusing on the argument itself.

          Reply to Comment
      • Bryan

        A fine sense of irony again. Anyone can Google “Cameramen and journalists killed and maimed by the IDF” but no one will have time to read the over two million results returned.

        Reply to Comment
        • Weiss

          The Oscar nominated film “5 Broken Cameras” is an eye opener (some prefer to keep theirs shut) …

          It shows Bassem being killed by a direct hit with tear gas canister fired by the IDF ON CAMERA while protesting non violently.

          Reply to Comment
        • Jello

          Really? 2 million results of Western/Israeli photographers killed in the West Bank by Israel? Wow. We must use different search engines.

          Reply to Comment
      • Weiss

        Your sadistic arrogance is an embarrassment to Jews.

        Do us Moderate Jews a favor and save that for your next Fascist Brown-Shirt rally for Jewish Supremacy.

        You do NOT represent THIS JEW…

        Reply to Comment
        • Jello

          You are entirely correct that I don’t represent whiny self-hating Jews like yourself.

          Reply to Comment
          • Weiss

            @Jello

            “You are entirely correct that I don’t represent whiny self-hating Jews like yourself.”

            Whiny?

            My size 13’s say otherwise Schlomo. You would not dare to have the courage to stand before me and say that to my face, without a mob to comfort you.

            Using the term “Self-Hating” Jew is another sickening example of how deranged and psychologically warped these Fascist Right Wing Brown-Shirt Thugs really are.

            To even contemplate such a thing as a Self Hating Jew takes a seriously fucked up mind…

            No Jello… I do not hate myself, as you desperately fantasize about, I simply hate FASCISTS LIKE YOU.

            And I will not rest until the Fascists are DEFEATED.

            You and your kind are the true EXISTENTIAL THREAT that is destroying Israel from WITHIN…

            Reply to Comment
          • Jello

            Yep, whiny self-hating Jews.

            Reply to Comment
          • Weiss

            You along with the rest of the FASCISTS WIL BE DEFEATED Schlomo…

            Reply to Comment
    2. Bruce Gould

      Israeli settlement activities increased 40% in 2014:

      Israeli settlement construction in the occupied Palestinian territories increased by 40 per cent during 2014, Anadolu has reported. According to Israeli NGO Peace Now, which campaigns against illegal settlement construction, Israel started building 3,100 residential units in the Palestinian territories last year. It added that tenders for 4,485 additional residential units were published throughout 2014.

      https://www.middleeastmonitor.com/news/middle-east/17160-israeli-settlement-activities-increased-by-40-in-2014

      Reply to Comment
    3. Brian

      To me Jello gives off a comfortable supremacist disdain. One long sneer. If he means to give an impression other than this he is inept at it. What these “activists” do is trivial because, why?, their cause is trivial because Palestinians are trivial. Who cares right?

      But let’s talk about tourism.

      The average Jewish Israeli of the silent majority it seems to me practices a kind of occupation tourism, or voyeurism if you will. “Oh, I am against the occupation I really am, but it doesn’t involve me and I’m here and they’re there. So yawn, why bother? Besides, if truth be told I kind of like the feeling of being a master. A little bit. From afar. Not like those settler crazies. But when I watch them somehow I feel like they are ‘real Jews’ and I feel better about myself, and I get a secret ersatz thrill from it all, a frisson of authenticity”

      The average ideological settler is even more so a kind of tourist but of a different sort, in active search of ersatz authenticity, the ersatz authenticity of the tourist. He’s often a transplanted American, especially the most nationalist, militant and triumphalist ones. And he’s playing Cowboys and Indians. He’s utterly protected by an army with overwhelming force. So it’s all a safe game. It is all rather droll. Tourism. A Disneyland ersatz version of reality. With indoor plumbing and swimming pools. At the expense of the Indians. And the Cowboys can come and go as they please but the Indians can’t. It’s a settler Zionist theme park going on over there in the West Bank. With all the amenities for one side but not the other.

      Does the silent majority and do the settlers have other motives too? Sure. But the tourism theme is not a trivial aspect of it. If you think my tourism analogy is hogwash it’s less so than Jello’s sneering use of “tourism” to dismiss people like the +972 authors here. (By the way wildlife and conservation tourism may be one of the most realistic and practical and farsighted ways to change local economic incentive structures that decimate indigenous wildlife but that’s off topic. Or maybe it’s not actually that off topic.).

      Reply to Comment
      • Jello

        Supremacist, no. Comfortable disdain for the adventures of useful idiots? Certainly.

        Most Israelis don’t like settlers. The reason why Israelis tend to support the continued military control of Judea and Samaria is based on the absence of any viable alternative that doesn’t leave them exposed to very real danger in the form of rockets and suicide bombings.

        The average ideological settler, is by definition not a tourist since they have moved permanently. They are religious and firmly believe that the land is theirs and they should settle it. It isn’t a very safe game since they are exposed to danger on a regular basis because the Palestinians and people like Larry Derfner believe it is legitimate to kill Israeli civilians by, for example, throwing stones at fast-moving Israeli vehicles in the territories.

        The tourism theme is primarily valid for American Jews who visit occasionally and their approach to Israel.

        Reply to Comment
    4. klang

      yawn

      Reply to Comment