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Ahed Tamimi flips Zionist mythology on its head

The story of David and Goliath is a central Zionist myth. The case of Ahed Tamimi shows that while Israel still thinks it’s David, in reality, it’s Goliath.

By Gil Gertel

Who is David and who is Goliath? Ahed Tamimi faces down a soldier in Nabi Saleh. (Haim Shwarczenberg)

Who is David and who is Goliath? Ahed Tamimi faces down a soldier in Nabi Saleh. (Haim Shwarczenberg)

After the images from Nabi Saleh surfaced earlier this week, Minister of Education Naftali quickly made himself judge, jury, and executioner, declaring that the two Palestinian girls “should spend their lives in prison.” But why? Young Israeli settlers routinely disrespect soldiers and flout the rule of law. And that’s exactly the point: Ahed Tamimi did what’s reserved for Israeli settlers alone.

What, for Israelis, was most embarrassing about the pictures of Ahed Tamimi slapping an Israeli soldier? A woman hitting a man? A Muslim hitting a Jew? A civilian hitting a representative of law and order? A student hitting a trained fighter? That with her bare hands she hit someone fully armed and armored? That she hit the force that denies her rights? From the responses on social media, it seems all of the above. Ahed Tamimi flipped the traditional roles in the myth of David and Goliath, which was and remains a foundational myth of Zionist education.

The “new Jew” according to the story of David and Goliath appears in Theodore Herzl’s 1902 utopian novel Altneuland. At the beginning of the story we meet David, “a poor boy, freezing in the cold with tattered shoes,” a beggar in the alleyways of Vienna. After 20 years, we meet David again, this time in Haifa: “a free man, healthy, educated, serious-minded,” respectable and respected by mankind. How did this switch happen?

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In his 1903 essay, “Hebrew Education,” Ze’ev Jabotinsky writes, “there was an instance in Odessa when we prepared for a pogrom. I was one of the scouts, and with a group of two other friends I wandered through the markets for signs that something had gone wrong.” During these outings, when passing through the masses of local people, “we would try to put on our best Russian expressions, and speak with a Muscovite accent.” Not out of fear, Jabotinsky recalls, but out of habit of hiding their Jewishness. At the end of the street he encountered an old Jewish peddler, with a beard and side-locks, dressed in the traditional long, black coat. The old man looked terrified of the mass of people, yet he did nothing to hide his Jewishness.

“He who was afraid,” Jabotinsky writes, reflecting on the experience, “saw himself in that moment as freer than all of us. We, perhaps, were unafraid, yet we hid instinctively what he had revealed for all the world to see.” The old man, even in a moment of terror, held fast to his Jewish identity, while they, in theory, had compromised theirs. The moral of the story has become the core of Jabotinsky’s educational philosophy: “a national basis is presently needed as the center of the education of Jewish youth, in order to excise self-hatred and revivify national self-esteem.” Revivify national self-esteem: is this not also what Ahed Tamimi did?

All of the streams of Zionist thought shared the idea of Jewish pride, which occupied a central place in the state of Israel’s first educational curriculum in 1954. Teachers were asked “to provide student with the knowledge that our people, among the smallest of the nations, refused to submit to stronger nations and their cultures.” Refusal to submit. Ahed Tamimi?

This is not just a historical matter. Seventy years of independence, with a victorious and conquering army, and we still have not weaned ourselves off the need for national pride. For this reason, students receive a distorted historical mishmash of David, Judah Maccabee, and the war of independence. This year, the Ministry of Education’s Hanukkah web page states, “if we had been in David Ben-Gurion’s position, a minority against a majority, weak against strong, and the realistic chances of success were zero, would we have embarked on this historical process? Or would we have followed reason’s recommendations and opposed the creation of the state? From Hanukkah we learn that if we just take that first step, a miracle will occur. We need to do all that we can not to be merely satisfied with the present.” Not to be satisfied with the present? Is this not what Ahed Tamimi showed?

A year ago, the educational TV channel produced a series on the Bible that included an episode on David and Goliath, to be used in the school system. In the video, Tzvika Hadar explains to the students:

It is not a coincidence that the fight between David and Goliath has become a symbol of fights between unequal sides. How many fights like those there were, even here! 1948: the small state of Israel, not even a day old, was attacked by the massive armies of Syria, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Iraq, Saudi Arabia. And Israel, this tiny country with a brand new army, the few against the strong and the many…but in this war David defeated Goliath.

This is not the place to point out the historical inaccuracies in the text, but to emphasize the message: the small and the daring won. Ahed Tamimi?

Since we’re already making a mess of history, we can’t forget the Holocaust. Here are Naftali Bennett’s remarks at a ceremony commemorating the Warsaw ghetto uprising: “We might ask what was the sense in a rebellion that never stood a chance…the few against the many fought a hopeless struggle for Jewish people’s national honor.” National honor—Ahed Tamimi?

Nabi Saleh children try to prevent Wa'ed Tamimi, inside the vehicle, from being taken away. The blonde girl with the ponytail is his sister (credit: ActiveStills)

Nabi Saleh children try to prevent Wa’ed Tamimi, inside the vehicle, from being taken away. The blonde girl with the ponytail is Ahed (credit: ActiveStills)

Here’s more of what appears on the Ministry of Education’s website. This time, a social studies lesson plan for high school students on Jewish courage for the occasion of Hanukkah: At a forced labor camp for women during World War Two, women improvised a hanukiyah, which they lit with what little oil they could find. One night, the siren to turn off the lights rang before the candles had gone out. The candlelight exposed them, and an SS guard broke into the room, shouting threats. The women explained to her that they were commemorating the holiday of the Maccabees, when “a few Jews defeated many gentiles.” And here was the miracle: not only were they not punished that night, but they even received more respectful treatment from the guards in the days that followed. In light of the story, the students are asked to clarify the meaning of courage, and the teachers are instructed to conclude: For us, as Jews, courage is the triumph of the spirit. Triumph of the spirit—Ahed Tamimi, or is that only for “us, the Jews?”

Finally, last Friday morning, just a few hours after Ahed Tamimi made headlines, the settler newssite “Srugim” published a Hanukkah song by Ronit Shir. Here are two verses of the song:

Few against many, / weak against strong. / Seeing the image of their father Abraham, / leading his charges against the world’s might. / Their quivers are empty, no arrows remain. / They put a few stones in a slingshot / Analysis says their fight is lost. / The fight of Abraham, the brothers, surely Maccabees. / But against the voice of reason stands “Jewish reason.” / That works a little differently; it’s more about faith. / Ignores the calculation of chances / and puts its trust in God. / Together with increased spirit, belief and vision / it turns out you don’t always have to listen to the voice of reason.

Whose “quivers are empty,” really, in the occupied territories? If you read the song reasonably, it describes Ahed Tamimi much more than the armed and armored in the settlements — and for this, Naftali Bennett will never forgive her.

Gil Gertel is a scholar of education and a blogger on Local Call, where this article was first published in Hebrew. Read it here.

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    1. Jack

      Tamimi’s cause is not just. She is a troublemaker who has been infused with hatred by her community.
      To put her on a pedestal is to give her credibility she does not deserve.

      Reply to Comment
      • Ben

        These are baseless assertions backed by no facts and no argument. An ad hominem attack.

        Reply to Comment
      • Jp

        Tamimi’s cause is entirely justified. Her heroism is an inspiration. “Troublemakers” change the world, boot-lickers do not.

        Reply to Comment
    2. Peter Crownfield

      Ahed Tamimi is an inspiration. I wish her well & hope she is released/

      Reply to Comment
    3. Itshak Gordin Halevy

      This Tahimi and her family are professional troublemakers. They have been staging their assaults for years. Her uncle realizes videos which are broadcast worldwide. This family is a propaganda family. This girl has been awarded by Erdogan and may other democratic Arab/Muslim anti-Israel leaders.

      Reply to Comment
      • Ben

        They are sincere protesters, resisters, who by their wits and their persistence and dedication, and their refusal to be passive and submissive, have managed to break through the hasbara wall, and managed to get around the absolute Israeli suppression of any form of protest whatsoever. “Troublemakers”? You betcha. Successful troublemakers. The whole point is to cause trouble. That you don’t get that is symptomatic of your blind spots.

        Ahed Tammimi is teaching Palestinians, especially women, how to stop being submissive. More female resistance is needed. One of the things left unsaid here is that Ahed wears no head covering or traditional clothing, is by all appearances relatively liberated and strong and modern. She is an important role model for Palestinian and Israeli Society and all their women and men both. Israelis are discomfited by the fact that she looks Western and modern like they do, and can’t be denigrated as “one of those Muslims…,” and is a woman so can’t be as easily demonized as “a threat.” There is a subversive feminist subtext here beneath the surface. Subversive of both Palestinian and Israeli attitudes towards women and Arabs. That her family is relatively modern, that her father calls to her from the courtroom gallery to “stay strong,” discomfits you. It upsets the narrative and the rules of the game on a feminist level.

        And she won’t be intimidated. So the likes of Ben Caspit can go f himself instead of urging Israeli men to do bad things to teenage girls in the dark when there are no witnesses. Another element in the Israeli Hasbara Wall coming down.

        Reply to Comment
        • carmen

          What was said about Ahed’s apparel, by foolish Michael Oren, perenially stern-faced church lady, were the remarks he made about her ‘american’ clothing. Someone responded does he actually believe all palestinian women wear headscarves and abayas? He also questioned her actual authenticity and that of her family and for FFS attacked her for dressing like the average teenager! The zionist train has come off the tracks and they’ve totally lost their shit. Not the first time though, but Ahed’s defiance and fearlessness makes her stronger than the entire israeli occupation forces. Back to grandma oren, a desperate zionist apologist/supremacist/moron doing whatever she can to make people to look at anything but the occupation. It’s the occupation stupid, not the occupied!

          Reply to Comment
          • Ben

            I have to say that Michael Oren stands out for me as the most slickly dishonest, weaselly operator of the whole bunch. (And that’s saying a lot.) I have a special disdain for Michael Oren.

            Reply to Comment
      • ilea

        …and your are suggesting that there isn’t any violation of the human rights in Gaza and Israelis are not an occupiers ? Is that your point ?

        Reply to Comment

      What an obscenity…Golda Meir was correct..”.There will only be peace when the Arabs love their children as much as they hate us”

      Reply to Comment
      • Ben

        I’m struck by the machine-like, automatic thought content of the majority of the antagonistic replies to these articles. These replies just mindlessly trot out old “verities” such as your Golda chestnut as if the occupation were 50 days, not 50 years old, and as if no evolution of the conflict had taken place in those 50 years. The justifications people can muster for the occupation these days are, tellingly, extremely stale and impoverished. It’s all they’ve got, and that says a lot.

        Reply to Comment
    5. Carmen

      The most high favors the oppressed – God bless Ahed Tamimi and her family. Their struggle is righteous and they will prevail. There will be a reckoning for the cruelty, murder, rape and violence perpretrated by the GoI.

      Reply to Comment