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A Palestinian drasha for Rosh Hashana

A few weeks ago, Rabbi David Shneyer invited me to address his congregation at a temple in Bethesda Maryland, during the Rosh Hashana service. So on Thursday morning, I drove to Maryland to speak to about 1,000 Jews about my understanding of  parashat hashavua – the Torah portion read this week.

The Rosh Hashana reading is about Issac and Ishmael, the ancestors of Arabs and Jews.  Some analysts consider the two brothers to be the source of the Arab-Jewish conflict. However, at no point does the Torah say that they were enemies. Despite Sarah and Abraham’s decision to repudiate Hagar and Ishmael, the story talks about God being with Ishmael as he grew up. Later on Ishmael and Isaac came together to bury their dead father. It is true that Sarah and Hagar were enemies, but the two brothers didn’t have to live the choices of their mothers. They had the ability to overcome the choices of their mothers. They didn’t live according to the victimhood narrative or the self righteous justifications of their parents. They choose to let the past go and reconcile as brothers.

Recently, my friend, the writer Roi Ben-Yehuda, told me how he views Abraham. At one point Abraham believed that he had to sacrifice his son to obey God. Both Muslims and Jews believe this story, disagreeing on which son was to be sacrificed. The story ends with God intervening at the last minute to save the boy. This is story is relevant today, but in a different frame. To solve the Israeli Palestinian conflict, we might have to sacrifice our parents, he explained. “We need to reverse the Abrahamic curse,” Ben Yehuda told me, “that violent primordial impulse that legitimizes sacrificing children on some ideological altar.If the sacrificial bed of tomorrow has any room it is for our parents, and our parents only. As painful as it may be, peace and progress demands that we slay their way of thinking – that barren inheritance. Its high time for Isaac to sacrifice Abraham.”

By slaying our parents, Ben Yehuda means to sacrifice and bury the baggage of, enmity, victimhood and blame mentality that we have inherited from our ancestors. And what better day to do that than the new year? This is exactly what Issac and Ishmael did by coming together despite their mothers’ history.

The new year is also the start of a period of self reflection, the 10 days during which everyone undertakes a process of self-examination, and asking forgiveness of those they might have wronged over the previous year. This is a great idea. It would be great if the world politicians would practice it. Maybe a UN session about self-reflection and forgiveness would be a good start.

What is important about self reflection is the ability to examine ones actions and beliefs. Why do I support what he supports and oppose what I oppose? For the diaspora Jews and Palestinians this might be an interesting and life-changing practice.

There is a Muslim saying of Prophet Muhammad, when he told  his followers that each one should  support his brother whether wrong or right. If wrong, by helping him correct the wrong.  Often I wonder if the support given by diaspora communities is generated by guilt, or by truth and love. A true brotherhood doesn’t support the wrong but challenges it. Both Israelis and Palestinians need true and good friend;  not blind, supportive friends.

Rosh Hashana,  like other holy days, should not be only about customs and traditions or about the the good food and drinks (which I enjoyed at the rabbi’s house after the service) but also a time to learn from the mistakes of the past. It is time to restart and to be energized again for a new beginning. It is a time to reconsider our priorities and our path as the Prophet Isaiah said:

“Is not this the kind of fasting I have chosen:
to loose the chains of injustice
and untie the cords of the yoke,
to set the oppressed free
and break every yoke?
Is it not to share your food with the hungry
and to provide the poor wanderer with shelter—
when you see the naked, to clothe them,
and not to turn away from your own flesh and blood?
Then your light will break forth like the dawn,
and your healing will quickly appear;
then your righteousness[a] will go before you,
and the glory of the LORD will be your rear guard.
Then you will call, and the LORD will answer;
you will cry for help, and he will say: Here am I.

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    1. Mathieu

      I admire the efforts 972 magazine is doing in order to promote Peace and Justice between Israelis and Palestinians. However, I am disturbed at the absence of the Christian reality in the debate. It is always a Jewish/Muslim angle and never includes the christians living on either side.

      The tree monotheist religions have the same ancestors. We are all the same blood and flesh. Why a part of the brotherhood is always absent?

      Reply to Comment
    2. This is beautiful. Thank you for this drash and thank you for sharing it with the rest of us who were not in Bethesda on Rosh Hashana!

      Reply to Comment
    3. Susan

      There are other interpretations possible. Abraham could have believed that God would never let him sacrifice his son. Another interpretation is that God wanted Abraham to speak up and object. Another is that Abraham was in a trance and then he “looks up” and sees the lamb he sacrifices in the end.

      Reply to Comment
    4. @Mathieu

      Thank you for your comment. You are right about Christianity being part of the debate. On my end I have written about Christianity and about Palestinian Christians on several occasions. Actually I am in the middle of writing a post about interfaith work between Christian, Muslim and Jewish youth.
      Here are a few links to some of my articles about Christianity and Christians





      Reply to Comment
    5. Henry Weinstein

      My Dad often said the drag with Sacred Texts was intellectuals & clerics could make them say what they want.
      In some cases, like here for the most part, it came from a good intention and it’s worth reading.
      But as you know a lot of hatred intellectuals & clerics use the Scriptures to manipulate their audience; so when I read your friend Roi Ben-Yehuda told you he thinks “it’s high time for Isaac to sacrifice Abraham”, I don’t like it ’cause it’s an intellectual freudian distortion.
      What you say is far more faithful and respectful, and I like the way you medidate about the conflict between Sarah and Hagar, its consequences, and how Isaac and Ishmael overcame their mothers’ antagonism & education.
      Thank you, Aziz.
      Mathieu is right; another elephant in the room!

      Reply to Comment
    6. Henry Weinstein

      Missing words:
      so when I read your friend Roi Ben-Yehuda told you he thinks “it’s high time for Isaac to sacrifice Abraham”
      to solve the Israeli-Palestinian conflict,
      I don’t like it

      Reply to Comment
    7. I liked it very much!

      Reply to Comment
    8. Mathieu

      Thank you for the links. As mentioned in your blog, the international press, AP in particular, tend to twist the reality. This is why blogs like yours and 972 are important. Thank you again!

      Reply to Comment
    9. Ofri

      Thanks for a beautiful interpretation my friend!

      Reply to Comment
    10. yael brener

      most beautiful drasha, should be written at every sqware round the middle east. thanks.
      i’m ofri’s mom

      Reply to Comment